#fake news
ancientorigins · 2 days ago
One popular weird history "fact" circulating the internet is that Pope Gregory IX unleashed a mass war on cats in the 13th century. But is it really true?
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cleopatraphouse · a year ago
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throwback to the time I got really annoyed at the funko pop men who were coming into my store and bothering me during the pandemic so I made a bunch of memes and fake tweets
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theroguefeminist · 2 months ago
In hindsight, it's interesting that liberals decided to use the term "fake news" to describe what was happening during Trump's presidency, instead of the word propaganda. Trump and conservative media claiming the 2020 election was rigged isn't just inaccurate fake news, it's propaganda with the specific purpose to keep conservatives in power. Conservatives trying to blame a trans woman for the shooting in Uvalde isn't just misinformation, it's propaganda to distract from right wing terrorism in this country and vilify trans people. Fake news is random, politically neutral, possibly unintentional. Propaganda is a sustained political campaign to brainwash people into a particular ideology. What Fox News, Trump and the conservative establishment have been doing for years is not fake news. So it was easy for Trump to co-opt such a neutral term himself & use it against everyone else.
But in the US, propaganda is a word for history books, for Nazis and communist regimes. It's never applied to Americans. I think that when "fake news" took the place of the word "propaganda" it was a step toward normalizing fascism in this country.
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joshcrowley · 20 days ago
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rovermcfly · 4 months ago
Media Literacy Masterpost
This post is constantly evolving. You can help by sharing resources you know, pointing out broken links or even expressing criticism of the resources provided here if you have any. Come back any time to see if there's anything new. (Google Docs version for easier sharing outside tumblr)
Updated: September 10th 2022
The Basics
Get answers to the first questions you might have: What is media literacy? Why should I care? How does it affect me and others? Is there even anything I can still learn if I feel pretty internet-savvy? And more.
Get a more in-depth look at certain aspects of media literacy and learn about and apply media literacy skills.
Truth Decay Project Tools Database* (A lot of websites that are relevant are listed here. Only websites that aren't on that list will be listed in this post)
National Association for Media Literacy Education
MediaWise (by Poynter)
Media Literacy Now
The Media Bias Chart
Reuters Fact Check
The Conspiracy Chart
Casey Fiesler
News Literacy Project
Harvard Misinformation Review
Check Your Fact
See what experts have to say.
Interactive Learning Tools
This can help you learn about media literacy in a more hands-on way.
Truth Decay Project Education/Training Tools* (A lot of interactive tools that are relevant are listed here. Only websites and tools that aren't on that list will be listed in this post)
Go Viral! (Covid Misinformation)
News Lit Quiz
Critical Thinking Project
Social Media
Following these accounts can help sharpen your media literacy skills and you don't even have to do much because it will just pop up in your feeds! Follow, like, comment, retweet, etc. to help spread the word.
National Association for Media Literacy Education
Fact-Checking Network
AFP Fact Check
Reuters Fact Check
Media Literacy Now
Abbie Richards
Abbie Richards
Aslan Pahari
Astro Alexandra
Professor Casey
Hank Green
Adam Conover
David Hundsness
Zeke Darwin
Media Literacy Now
My media literacy tag
Remember to share these resources to help shape a world wide web that is safer and smarter and protect yourself and others from manipulation and radicalization.
* Criticism of this source has been expressed. I've provided my reasoning to still include it as well. I encourage you to make your own judgement.
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[Image ID: A screenshot of an exchange in the replies on this post.
User redknight7146 said: Isn’t the RAND corporation a US military think tank?
Original poster rovermcfly responded: that’s a very simplified (although not unjustified) criticism. However their Truth Decay project is one of the most comprehensive resources on this topic out there that shows no obvious political bias and includes resources that are openly critical of the US Military as well, which is why I chose to include it. But I’ll take this into consideration and check their website list for pro-military bias again. /End ID]
(I could since then not find an obvious bias in the lists that I have linked)
Information on the history of the RAND Corporation and its involvement with the US Military here.
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drthrvn · 7 months ago
dear non-Ukrainians planning to flee from Ukraine 🇺🇦 to Poland 🇵🇱:
informations about Polish border guards not letting non-caucasian refugees into Poland are NOT true:
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to enter Poland, it's good to have a valid ID but you do not need a visa,
according to Polish lawyers who are on the site, the best choice for non-Ukrainians is to head to crossing points in Bytomierz and Dołhobyczów (easier procedures),
any problems with letting non-Ukrainians in are probably caused by Ukrainian side (not blaming them, of course, I assume things can get complicated when your country's at war).
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please remember that borders have two sides. and both Poles and Ukrainians are trying their best but with that much procedural turmoil, there may be mistakes - remember that in just 3 days, Poland accepted over 200.000 refugees. the information about terms of crossing the border may be vital for potential refugees - please don't spread misinformation.
edit (27.02.): just in case you need some more proof, see below what some Poles who are on the site helping refugees are saying (it's all written in Polish so you'll have to rely on my translation):
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"a group of African students from Ukraine and currently on the way to my parents' house"
"today me and my friends picked up a group from Cameroon, a girl from Algieria and from Iraq"
"my friend from Lebanon who studied in Kyiv said he had no trouble getting to Poland, he's already in Warsaw"
"there are a lot of non-white refugees in reception center [on Polish site], we can see Pakistani flag and group of Nigerians"
"family of my gf's friend took in a non-Ukrainian student, there's place for everyone"
one person tagged their friend who drove 4 female African students when they reached Poland (they don't state where but i'd assume some larger city than the ones by the border)
"this morning i helped a group of female students from Nigeria"
these are just few voices, i know, but i hope it gives you some idea about how things look on the Polish side.
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the-cybersmith · 25 days ago
The BBC is not infallible.
Them claiming that the Queen is dead isn’t something we should just accept at face value, they have been wrong before.
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ainews · a month ago
According to a recent study, having an acoustic uncle may help improve your child's language skills.
The study, which was conducted by researchers at the University of Washington, found that children who had an acoustic uncle - someone who spoke to them in a high-pitched, exaggerated voice - were more likely to excel at language skills than those who didn't have an acoustic uncle.
Previous research has shown that children who are read to by someone with a high-pitched voice tend to do better on tests of language skills. The new study suggests that the same may be true for children who are simply spoken to in a high-pitched voice.
"We found that when children were spoken to by their acoustic uncle using a high-pitched voice, they showed greater improvement in their language skills than when they were spoken to by their acoustic uncle using a normal voice," said study author Laura Namy, a professor of psychology at the University of Washington.
The study, which is published in the journal Child Development, involved 72 children between the ages of 3 and 5. The children were divided into two groups: one that received speech therapy from an acoustic uncle, and one that didn't.
The speech therapy consisted of the acoustic uncle speaking to the child in a high-pitched voice for 15 minutes a day, five days a week, for four weeks. At the end of the four weeks, the children in the speech therapy group showed greater improvement in their language skills than the children in the control group.
"Our findings suggest that the use of an acoustic uncle may be an effective way to improve language skills in young children," Namy said. "This is an exciting finding because it suggests that we may be able to use this simple, low-cost intervention to help children who are struggling with language development."
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doyouknowwhatimeme · a month ago
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wandering-scavenger · 4 months ago
Don't Lose Hope.
After watching our candidate, her team, and supporters put all their work, effort, time, money, and tears into the 2022 Elections, it feels like a dark shadow has been cast on our country again and there's nothing we can do about it.
I'm so sorry to the families who were victimized by the Marcoses. I'm so sorry to those who died trying to stop a ruthless and corrupt dictator, only for his son to wind up as President of our poor and starving country. I'm sorry to victims of the Marcos family, to those victims whose bodies were found and those whose bodies are lost in a place that their loved ones cannot find. I'm sorry to those who witnessed Martial Law and celebrated when Ferdinand Marcos was ousted, thinking their children won't have to suffer the way the Filipinos did in the 70s-80s. I'm sorry to those in lower socioeconomic status families who voted for Leni with hopes that she would be able to bring about change as our President. I'm sorry to everyone who hoped for a better future, only for evil to prevail.
Our hearts ache. Today, I watched my 81 year old grandfather sit on his own in a depressed mood because he couldn't believe that after doing his part in history by joining the EDSA revolution and voting on May 9, he was watching history repeat itself. He is too old to worry...but he worries because he cares the future of his family and country when he is gone.
But this is only the beginning. Before things will get better, they will get worse. But things can still get better. We cannot lose hope, because that's exactly what our corrupt government wants.
If you are lucky enough to be in class A and B, please do your part to help the less fortunate. We will suffer, but we will not suffer as gravely as those who live hand to mouth on a daily basis. It is easy to think that they might deserve it because they were the bulk of the voters who supported the Marcos family's return. But the truth is that their return has been carefully prepared for, for decades. Fake news, vote buying, poll manipulation, cronyism, corruption, political dynasties. The real evil lies in those with power and privilege who are educated enough to know better but choose not to do better. There is a reason why education is normally given the smallest budget, because these corrupt politicians benefit from the less fortunate's ignorance and miseducation.
The day will come when we are called to rally again and fight for our freedom. Until then, do not lose hope and do not forget to act as the miracle in other people's lives. The evilness of our government should not push us to tolerate and enable such behavior or worse, be as uncaring and without compassion as they are. Our country can be better if we continue to push ourselves to be better and demand our government to be better.
God bless you guys. To the non-Filipinos, please pray for our country or help spread the news about what is happening to us. We really need it.
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vibratingtruth-words-photos · 2 months ago
Ya Think?🤔
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magnetothemagnificent · a month ago
I've been reading "Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology" by Kenneth L. Feder, and in the introduction to the book he lists a very helpful checklist of sorts to help discern between genuine science and plain hoax or pseudoscience. I think this list is very helpful in the age of the internet, especially with the prevalence of fake news spreading very easily on this site. I urge everyone to utilize this checklist, not just with archeology, but with science claims in general.
--Does the source of the archaeological claim cite "experts" in support of his or her claim, who make polite, innocuous, but otherwise meaningless statements about the artifact or site in question? Just because scientists say a claim is "interesting" and wish the claimant luck in his or her research is not an affirmation of that research. They are just being polite.
--Does the source cite "experts" but exaggerate their own credentials?; for example, is the PhD only honorary or from no known, accredited institution? That's s easy enough to check online.
--Does the source cite "experts" whose credentials are unrelated to the claims being made? Einstein was brilliant, but his fields were math and physics. He is not a relevant expert for claims made about geology or archaeology. Citing Einstein or other well-known scientists in support of claims outside their fields of expertise is problematic. Some people consider me an expert in archaeology. Even if I am, it that does not mean I have any meaningful insights to provide about brain surgery, opera, or automobile repair.
--Does the source cite "experts" whose previous extreme claims are not mentioned or cited?
--Does the source make what appear to be definitive statements about the age of an artifact or site without any supporting data, never telling you how he or she came up with the proposed date?
--Does the source make what appear to be definitive statements about the cultural affiliation of an artifact or site without any supporting data, never telling you how he or she came up with the identity of the makers of the artifact or the residents of a site?
--Does the source claim that the artifact would have taken too much time or there are too many of them to be forgeries? There is no logical reason to be lieve that merely because an artifact was well made, would have taken a lot of time to make, or exists in large quantities it must be genuine. Forgers are often diligent, talented, and hard-working. Don't underestimate them.
--Does the source make assertions about the appearance of an artifact that bears very little relationship to what's actually there? Simply put, if you have to be told that a piece of rock art, a sculpture, or a ceramic pot bears the image of a spaceship, extraterrestrial alien, or dinosaur-if you didn't see that with out that prompting-then in all likelihood there is no image of a spaceship.. extraterrestrial alien, or dinosaur. Trust your own eyes and brain and not the word of someone trying to sell you a bill of goods.
--Does the source preface most claims with phrases like "maybe," "if," "imagine," "could be," or "perhaps" and then present detailed scenarios about an tiquity, all of which require acceptance of the original speculation, which is never tested or proven?
--Beware of the question, "But isn't it possible?" On a broad, philosophical, in finite multiple universe kind of sense, hypothetically, anything is possible. So what? Is it possible that ancient aliens built the pyramids? Well, okay, sure. But it's also possible that in the next five minutes monkeys will fly out of your butt. However, let me assure you that you really don't need to worry too much about possible simian excretions. And the likelihood that aliens built the pyramids is about the same.
--Does the source demand, "Hey, if I'm wrong, let the scientists prove me wrong"? This is a fundamental misapprehension of the scientific method. The burden of proof always falls on those making claims. And, as Carl Sagan phrased it, "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence." In fact, I don't have to prove that ancient aliens did not build the pyramids. If you think they did, it's on you to prove that they did, and the evidence bar is going to be very high.
--I love Wikipedia. I often consult Wikipedia as a first step in exploring a topic. Then I check out the bibliographies of those Wikipedia entries to track down the original sources on which the Wikipedia article was based. For example, I am cited in a bunch of Wikipedia entries related to topics I address in this book. That's great, but don't rely on those Wikipedia summaries of what I've said. Scroll down to the bottom of those summaries and check out the origi nal publications on which they are based. Finally, if the source of an extreme claim in archaeology uses nothing but Wikipedia sources, you can safely ignore the claim.
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gaylord-zuko · a year ago
In the ATLA live action they’re going to reveal that Zhao’s parents were killed by the moon.
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ketrindoll · 4 months ago
How to recognize state-sponsored Russian propaganda
It's no secret that the Russian state, using troll farms and other means, has been spreading deliberate disinformation for years. They are known to be behind the 2016 Presidential election in the US, the Brexit referendum in the UK, and other smaller and bigger events. For example, the EU discovered financial ties between Kremlin and right-wing political figures in Europe, with Marine LePen being openly financially supported by the Russian bank. Their propaganda has been in full force ever since Russia invaded Ukraine and is part of the openly stated Russian war against the West, which Kremlin propagandists and state media describe as being amoral, degraded (referring to LGBTQ+ community rights in particular), and out to destroy the great and traditional Russian state. It's modern, hybrid warfare is set against us every day.
So how to recognize if something you are reading, whether repeated on the news or in social media comments/posts, is Russian propaganda?
It's going to be a long post, unfortunately, as it's directly linked with the DebunkEU.org investigation, but certainly worth reading.
Part 1: Narratives related to war
After Russia invaded Ukraine on the 24th of February, the trolls had a period of unusual silence. But soon enough they picked up where they left off, perhaps even more severely than before. There were a few key points that Russian trolls spread in the comments:
Refugees are all crooks, that are rude to volunteers, steal from their hosts, steal husbands (the latest British tabloid the Sun post seems to perpetuate this story without any credible evidence, other than a Facebook post), etc. Some impersonate registration center employees to spread fake stories about supposed bad characters among the Ukrainian refugees. Such posts are usually the same in every country and are meant to discourage people from helping those in need. Similar tactics were used in regards to Syrian refugees, who fled Russian-bombed Aleppo, but that time it actually worked. Any actual bad-apple cases would get blown out of proportion to paint all refugees as such. It shows the absolute despicable nature of the Russian government - not only do they destroy a country, but they also make sure its citizens are despised wherever they go. (began to spread late February-early March till now)
Questioning national identity + Whataboutism: "What about Liberia/Iraq/Palestine", "Why are you not putting up your own country's flag?" It's to minimize the open support for Ukraine and spread the classic Russian attitude of {if America did it, why can't we?} (began to spread on the 28th of February)
Ukraine is evil: Biolabs in Ukraine, Ukrainians killing Russians in Donbas, and other similar lies are all just poor attempts at justifying the war. (28th of February till now)
The West is to blame: from blaming NATO to saying that it's America, and not actually Ukraine, that is fighting Russia is all part of Russia's general attitude of "fight against the rotten West and Gayrope [gay Europe]". Even though NATO only expanded as a response to Russian aggression and there were no agreements for it not to expand. The reason it pisses the Russian gov off is that it makes it hard for them to restore the USSR borders by swallowing its neighbors. (began to spread early March till now)
Part 2: What Russia wants you to believe
There are three main conspiracy theories that Russia tries to spread to destabilize Western societies and "divide and conquer".
The concept of public safety. This theory questions the very basics of democracy, by trying to prove that a secret group is controlling everything behind the scenes, thus undermining your power as a voter and belief in a democratic system. This group is supposedly making us choose between few, suitable to them, options, and the only way to avoid being part of the system is by removing ourselves from it altogether and assembling into independent societies. The greatest evil is the West and US in particular, meanwhile, Russia is a state that's immune from this and protects traditional values and spirituality. In Europe, this group calls for the return of the USSR, and all around the world, they are recognized for their talks about globalists and praises of figures like Stalin. This propaganda was first spread by the Soviet secret service and has been officially approved by Putin himself.
New World Order. This theory is perhaps the most widespread and accepted. It states that the world is ruled by elites (again, democracy means nothing), who seek to eliminate individual countries and establish a New World Order. It tries to paint many cultural and intellectual figures as members of this organization, and they are behind every major event locally or internationally, from financial crises to unpopular political decisions. This theory began spreading in the 50s and 60s and gained particularly strong traction during the pandemic.
The great reset. This is a theory that exploded in 2020 and states that while the earth is overpopulated, vaccines and other methods can be used as population control to reset the global political system and economics. Klaus Schwab became a figurehead of this conspiracy. Again, Russia somehow is immune to all of this.
Just so you get an idea of how widespread is Russian state-sponsored propaganda, Lithuania, a country with a population of less than 3 million, has identified 105 pro-Russian or propaganda spreading Facebook groups alone, not to mention websites, "news" sites, and individual fake accounts. Most of those are managed by just 8 people. Think how much could be in large countries like America that Russia considers an enemy state. Also, be careful about what you spread regarding Ukrainian refugees, as an example of what happens when misinformation gets out of control can be seen in how Syrian refugees are treated to this day.
Part 3: Trolls
Regarding trolls, another example of a Lithuanian investigation into one of the pro-Russian Facebook groups shows this:
A post is created that spreads fake news, support for Russia, or some shocking new info about Ukrainians.
In two days, 227 comments are left under the post.
2571 comments are left right after the Bucha massacre.
484 users posted those comments.
400 reacted positively to "Bucha is fake" posts.
An unusually large amount of comments were either a direct/poor translation or in Russian.
Most of the comments were written by fake accounts. One of such accounts wrote 9 comments in just 21 seconds.
What does it tell us? Most of the traction in pro-Russian or misinformation groups is coming from Russia, troll farms in particular. Also, there is no point to argue with them. A bot that posts 9 comments under different posts in just 21 seconds is not going to read your replies or answer them. The best course of action is to report the comment. Facebook is notorious for not giving a shit, but if enough people will report both the comment and the profile, chances of those getting taken down will massively increase. Don't just scroll by, report both the comment and the user.
Also, follow the money. Facebook ads are not cheap, and if you see someone promoting their conspiracy ideas, think about how they got the cash. In a small country like Lithuania for a politician or supposedly freelance journalist to have 10'000-16'000 euros for ads is highly suspicious. It rings true everywhere - from QAnon to others, how can they afford to promote themselves, to buy domains, to support a large team, etc. Basically, follow the money.
And for goodness sake, stop watching those random YouTube videos as a source of truth.
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rjm921 · 7 months ago
Did Hillary’s Campaign Plant Fabricated Evidence to Frame Trump?
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According to a motion filed Friday by Special Counsel John Durham, lawyers for Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign paid a technology company to “infiltrate” servers that belonged to Trump Tower and, later, the Trump White House “for the purpose of gathering derogatory information about Donald Trump.”
Indicted Clinton campaign lawyer Michael Sussman, who was the subject of the aforementioned filing, has already been accused of making a false statement to the FBI by telling them he wasn’t representing any client when he presented evidence to them alleging a link between Donald Trump and Russian bank Alfa Bank.
Slate, a left-wing website, reported on the alleged connection between Trump and Alfa Bank on Oct. 31, 2016 — days before the presidential election. The story claims that a group of computer scientists had sought to determine “whether hackers were interfering with the Trump campaign” (cute story) and unexpectedly found “evidence” of communication between Trump and Alfa Bank. The Clinton campaign jumped on the story, releasing a statement in response to it the same day, insisting this “evidence” could be “the most direct link yet between Donald Trump and Moscow.”:
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But, according to a report from Washington Times in Oct. 2021, two cybersecurity firms say that Alfa Bank was hacked to give the appearance of communicating with Trump’s server. A lawsuit from Alfa Bank says that hackers allegedly “sent fabricated Domain Name System (DNS) digital queues to Trump domain ‘mail.trump-email.com’ to make it look like they were communicating with Alfa servers.”
This claim was supported by the FBI’s own conclusion that there was no communication between Trump and Alfa Bank.
If the Clinton campaign hired a technology company to “infiltrate” servers that belonged to Trump Tower, is it possible that the same company also hacked Alfa Bank to make it look like they were communicating with Trump?
The Clinton campaign was certainly quick to release a statement on the Slate story — exactly three hours after it had been published.
Did they know the story was coming?
Were they behind it, and the fake evidence?
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ohfugecannada · 3 months ago
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A few good sites/pages for learning some media literacy and spotting online misinformation:
Snopes.com - a site that’s been around for twenty years (long before Google search engine was a thing) debunking urban legands and, more recently, fake news and misinformation.
Checkyourfact.com - a site similar to snopes that debunks fake news and viral “facts”. It’s the place I found out that post about Kraft releasing a rainbow coloured mayo called “Real Gaydo” for pride month was a satirical photoshop piece that was stolen from its original artist’s Instagram and shared around as a real product on Facebook and other sites.
School Library Journal - has a page of resources for teaching students and teachers how to spot misinformation and fake news and improve media literacy.
NAMLE.net - aka the National Association for Media Literacy Education, the leading nonprofit membership organization dedicated to advancing media literacy education in the United States.
Newslit.org - an educational nonprofit that provides programs and resources for learning media literacy. What’s cool about this site is they have an extensive number of quizzes designed to help you test your media literacy skills, which give you tips along with the question answers about how to spot and avoid misinformation and fake news. All of which you can try out for yourself here.
If anyone has more good online literacy resources like this, please feel free to add more!
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fake-news-and-headlines · 18 days ago
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This blog ain't dead but the queen is.
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