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#zakat al-fitr
klarcksyria · 4 months ago
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badarandanane-blog · a year ago
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Zakat al fitr: généralités
Zakat al fitr: généralités
Obligation à la fin du Ramadan due par tout musulman, homme oufemme, esclave (domestique) ou libre, grand ou petit, dès le maghribde la veille de l’Eid 3 conditions pour payer Zakat al fitr: être musulmanêtre un homme libre: pour l’esclave (domestique), c’est sonmaître qui s’en acquitteavoir les moyens: une personne qui a de quoi manger la veilleet le jour de l’Eid, qui possède un surplus de…
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sofia-sultan · 5 months ago
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salim7869 · a year ago
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Ramadan Day 28 | Jisne Namaz-e-Eid se pehle Sadqa-e-Fitr ada kiya uska Sadqa maqbool hua
28th #Ramadan | Jisne Namaz-e-Eid se pehle Sadqa-e-Fitr ada kiya uska Sadqa maqbool hua. [ #Hadith : Sunan Ibn Majah 1827]
Ramadan Day 28 ۞ Bismillah-Hirrahman-Nirrahim ۞ ✦ Roman Urdu Hadees ✦ Ibn Abbas (R.A) se riwayat hai ke Allah ke Rasool (ﷺ)  ne farmaya:❝Jisne Namaz-e-Eid se pehle Sadqa-e-Fitr ada kiya uska Sadqa maqbool hua, aur jo namaz ke baad ada kare to aam Sadqe mein se ek Sadqa hai.❞ ✦ हिंदी हदिस ✦ इब्ने अब्बास (रदी अल्लाहू अन्हु) से रिवायत है की अल्लाह के रसूल (ﷺ) ने फ़रमाया :❝जिसने ईद की नमाज़ से…
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ashdreams2023 · 5 months ago
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Ah can you tell me more about Ramadan and what halal food is?
Well at the end of Ramadan, the last ten days we try to focus extra on giving others because they are considered extremely holy days.
At the last days we also give out also known as Sadaqat al-Fitr or Zakat al-Fitrah, is an obligatory form of alms-giving required of every able Muslim at the end of Ramadan.
Then month official ends when the crescent moon 🌙 is in the sky announcing the end of Ramadan and the first day of Eid.
Eid al fitr starts the first day after Ramadan and it’s a just a celebration and breaking our fasts for the first time after Ramadan.
We exchange gifts and congrats each other for making it through the month and a new year.
Here it’s pretty common to give out money, especially to kids, young adults take money too but not as common as the younger ones.
For example I made little goody bags with candy and money inside for the kids.
Oh also we shop a lot for those days of Eid, during Ramadan usually.
I like to call it our mini met gala lol.
As for hala food, it basically means meat that is killed in an Islamic way and be blessed, you can find halal mean labeled in supermarkets and some restaurants would have halal printed on their menus and such.
Candies as well, some candies contain animal fat or such and that animal is not killed in a halal way so that’s why we should always check ingredients if we’re not in a Islamic based country.
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everydaydua · a month ago
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DAILY DUA
Dua and remembrance before sleeping #2
ٱللهُ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلْحَيُّ ٱلْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَّهُۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ مَن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُۥۤ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِۦ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِۦۤ إِلَّا بِمَا شَآءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ وَلَا يَئُودُهُۥ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ ٱلْعَلِيُّ ٱلْعَظِيمُ (٢٥٥)
Translation
Abu Huraira said, "The messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) put me in charge of the Zakat of Ramadan (i.e. Zakat-ul-Fitr). Someone came to me and started scooping some of the foodstuff of (Zakat) with both hands. I caught him and told him that I would take him to Allah's messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)." Then he (Abu Huraira) told the whole narration and added , He (i.e. the thief) said,, “When you are about to sleep recite ayat-al-kursee (The verse of the foot-stool, Surah Baqarah 2:255) till the end of the verse for there will remain over you a protection from Allah and no devil will draw near to you until the morning.”, the messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) (upon hearing this) said: "He (i.e. the theif) told the truth even though he is a habitual liar, he was a shaytan"
Allâh! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth.
Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission. He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills.
His Kursee extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
N.B. This verse is famously known as "Ayat Alkursee/Alkursi" or "the Verse of The Footstool"
Transliteration
allaahu laa ilaaha illaa huwal-ḥayyul-qayyoom, laa ta’khudhuhu sinatun wa laa nawm, lahu maa fis-samaawaٰti wa maa fil-arḍ, man dhal-ladhee yashfa‛u ‛indahu illaa bi’idhnih, ya‛lamu maa bayna aydeehim wa maa khalfahum, wa laa yuḥeeṭoona bishay’in min ‛ilmihi illaa bi maa shaa’
wasi‛a kursiyyuh-us-samaawaٰti wal-arḍ, wa laa ya’ooduhu ḥifẓuhumaa wahuwal-‛aliyyul-‛aẓeem
Sources: Bukhari No# 2311, 3275, 5010; At-Tirmidhi No# 2880
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aysufs · 5 months ago
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Zakāt al-Fitr
“It is not permissible to give Zakāt al-Fitr in the form of cash because
the evidences in the Sharī’ah indicate that it is obligatory to distribute it as food.”
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Issuing Fatāwa 9/371
TN: Zakat al-Fitr may be given in the form of any staple food, such as dates, wheat, barley, corn, rice, pasta, beans, lentils, chickpeas, meat etc.
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alhumdulilah · 5 months ago
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Any Muslim, young or old, rich or poor, who has surplus food over and above his or her daily need, must pay Zakat Al Fitr. The amount is paid on behalf of the breadwinner and each dependent member of the family.
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Allah accept our ibadah ameen
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wordsbyhisheart · 5 months ago
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Zakat- Ul -Fitr
Ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله عنه reported:
“Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) ordained Zakat-ul-Fitr to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to
provide food for the needy.”
[Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah]
“Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) made it the payment of one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old.”
[Sahih Al-Bukhari]
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petrosapian · 5 months ago
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Telling me my zakat al fitr will make up for deficiencies during ramadan.. those deficiencies were reading chapgone smut during the holy month of ramadan
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wrappedinamysteryy · 5 months ago
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Is Zakat Al Fitr obligatory?
Rulings of Zakāh Al-Fitr Made Easy - Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azīz ibn Marzūq aṭ-Ṭarīfī
Who should pay Zakāh?
It is obligatory on all males and females. It is best for each individual to pay for themselves and if not possible then the guardian can pay on behalf of everyone he is in charge of.
It is recommended and not obligatory to give Zakāh Al-Fitr for the foetus in the mothers womb.
What is meant to be given?
It is meant to be given in the form of a staple food that is custom to that land like rice or flour depending on what people eat in that country.
Can you give cash?
It is not reported from the Prophet ﷺ or the companions that they ever have cash money.
It is best to provide the food itself but in our time it is allowed to send the value of the food in cash for that to be used to buy the food and then distribute to the poor.
Where should Zakāh Al-Fitr be given?
It is more appropriate to give it to the poor in one’s own country. However if there is a more needy country then it can be sent abroad.
When should it be given?
The best time to give it is between the Fajr and Eīd Prayer.
It is allowed to pay the Zakāh Al-Fitr in advance by a day or two as been reported by the companions of the Prophet ﷺ.
It is incorrect to pay it after the Eīd Prayer, it would be regarded as general charity (Sadaqah) and not as Zakāh Al-Fitr.
Based on the fatāwa of Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azīz ibn Marzūq aṭ-Ṭarīfī
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lulusyifa · 8 months ago
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zakat fitrah dan zakat mal
Secara umum zakat terbagi menjadi dua jenis, yakni zakat fitrah dan zakat mal. Zakat Fitrah (zakat al-fitr) adalah zakat yang diwajibkan atas setiap jiwa baik lelaki dan perempuan muslim yang dilakukan pada bulan Ramadhan. Zakat fitrah adalah zakat yang diwajibkan atas setiap jiwa baik lelaki dan perempuan muslim yang dilakukan pada bulan Ramadan hingga menjelang salat Idul Fitri.
Sementara, Zakat mal adalah zakat yang dikenakan atas segala jenis harta, yang secara zat maupun substansi perolehannya, tidak bertentangan dengan ketentuan agama. Sebagai contoh, zakat mal terdiri atas uang, emas, surat berharga, penghasilan profesi, dan lain-lain, sebagaimana yang terdapat dalam UU No 23/2011 tentang Pengelolaan Zakat, Peraturan Menteri Agama No 52 Tahun 2014 yang telah diubah dua kali dengan perubahan kedua adalah Peraturan Menteri Agama No 31/2019, dan pendapat Syaikh Dr. Yusuf Al-Qardhawi serta para ulama lainnya.
Zakat mal yaitu zakat yang dikenakan atas segala jenis harta, yang secara zat maupun substansi perolehannya tidak bertentangan dengan ketentuan agama.
Zakat mal terdiri dari  :
1.Zakat emas, perak, dan logam mulia lainnyaAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas emas, perak, dan logam lainnya yang telah mencapai nisab dan haul.2.Zakat atas uang dan surat berharga lainnyaAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas uang, harta yang disetarakan dengan uang, dan surat berharga lainnya yang telah mencapai nisab dan haul.3.Zakat perniagaanAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas usaha perniagaan yang telah mencapai nisab dan haul.4.Zakat pertanian, perkebunan, dan kehutananAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas hasil pertanian, perkebunan dan hasil hutan pada saat panen.5.Zakat peternakan dan perikananAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas binatang ternak dan hasil perikanan yang telah mencapai nisab dan haul.6.Zakat pertambanganAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas hasil usaha pertambangan yang telah mencapai nisab dan haul.7.Zakat perindustrianAdalah zakat atas usaha yang bergerak dalam bidang produksi barang dan jasa.8.Zakat pendapatan dan jasaAdalah zakat yang dikeluarkan dari penghasilan yang diperoleh dari hasil profesi pada saat menerima pembayaran, zakat ini dikenal juga sebagai zakat profesi atau zakat penghasilan.9.Zakat rikazAdalah zakat yang dikenakan atas harta temuan, dimana kadar zakatnya adalah 20%.
Besaran Zakat Mal
Dilansir dari laman Baznas, adapun syarat suatu harta dapat dikenakan hukum zakat mal jika memenuhi kriteria (1) harta berkepemilikan penuh, (2) harta halal secara syariat, (3) harta yang bersifat berkembang atau produktif, (4) mencukupi kegunaan (nishab), (5) tidak ada hubungan dengan hukum utang, dan (5) memiliki selama satu tahun (haul) atau dapat dizakatkan ketika masa panen
Harta yang terkena zakat mal dapat berupa uang, emas, surat berharga, penghasilan profesi, aset perdagangan, hasil barang tambang atau hasil laut, hasil sewa aset dan harta dalam bentuk lainnya.
Terkait dengan besaran zakat mal yang harus dibayarkan yaitu 2,5% dari total keseluruhan harta yang disimpan selama satu tahun.
2,5% x Jumlah harta dalam satu tahun (haul)
Besaran Zakat Fitrah
Zakat fitrah hukumnya wajib untuk seorang muslim yang memenuhi kriteria merdeka (bukan budak atau hamba sahaya), mempunyai kelebihan makanan pada malam dan siang hari raya Idulfitri, juga menemui hari-hari bulan puasa dan awal jatuhnya satu Syawal.
Jika seseorang meninggal setelah terbenamnya matahari pada hari terakhir Ramadan (29 atau 30 Ramadan), ia dikenai zakat fitrah. Demikian pula, jika ada anak yang lahir sebelum matahari terbenam pada akhir Ramadan, ia tetap dikenai zakat fitrah.
Dalam Ihya Ulumuddin, Al-Ghazali menyebutkan, seorang suami dikenai kewajiban untuk membayar zakat fitrah istrinya, anak-anaknya, budaknya, atau dapat disebut setiap anggota keluarga yang menjadi tanggungannya.
Ini merujuk sabda Nabi Muhammad saw. “Lunasilah zakat fithrah itu, dari orang-orang yang naf[1]kah hidupnya menjadi tanggunganmu”.
Yang harus dibayarkan dalam zakat fitrah adalah makanan pokok sebanyak satu sha’ atau diperkirakan setara dengan 2,5 kg atau 3,5 liter untuk setiap jiwa. Syekh Yusuf Qardawi menjelaskan bahwa satu sha’ dapat digantikan dengan uang yang setara dengan harga makanan pokok.
Mengingat harga makanan pokok dalam setiap daerah berbeda-beda, maka umat Islam dapat merujuk pada besaran zakat fitrah yang ditetapkan oleh Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (Baznas) tiap provinsi atau kabupaten.
8 Golongan yang Berhak Menerima Zakat
Sebagai instrumen yang masuk dalam salah satu Rukun Islam, zakat tentu saja memiliki aturan mengikat dari segi ilmu fiqihnya, salah satu diantaranya adalah kepada siapa zakat diberikan.
Dalam QS. At-Taubah ayat 60, Allah memberikan ketentuan ada delapan golongan orang yang menerima zakat yaitu sebagai berikut:
1.Fakir, mereka yang hampir tidak memiliki apa-apa sehingga tidak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan pokok hidup.
2.Miskin, mereka yang memiliki harta namun tidak cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dasar kehidupan.
3.Amil, mereka yang mengumpulkan dan mendistribusikan zakat.
4.Mualaf, mereka yang baru masuk Islam dan membutuhkan bantuan untuk menguatkan dalam tauhid dan syariah.
5.Riqab, budak atau hamba sahaya yang ingin memerdekakan dirinya.
6.Gharimin, mereka yang berhutang untuk kebutuhan hidup dalam mempertahankan jiwa dan izzahnya.
7.Fisabilillah, mereka yang berjuang di jalan Allah dalam bentuk kegiatan dakwah, jihad dan sebagainya.
8.Ibnu Sabil, mereka yang kehabisan biaya di perjalanan dalam ketaatan kepada Allah.
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salim7869 · a year ago
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Ramadan Day 26 | Rozedaro ko Laghu aur Behuda Baaton se Paak karne ke liye Sadqa e Fitr
26th #Ramadan | Rozdaro ko Lagu aur Behuda Baaton se Paak karne ke liye Sadqa e Fitr.
Ramadan Day 26 ۞ Bismillah-Hirrahman-Nirrahim ۞ ✦ Roman Urdu Hadees ✦ Ibn Abbas (RaziAllahu Anhu) se riwayat hai ki:❝RasoolAllah ﷺ ne Rozdaro ko Lagu aur Behuda Baaton se Paak karne ke liye aur Miskeen ko khilane ke liye Sadqa-e-Fitr mukarrar farmaya.❞ ✦ हिंदी हदिस ✦ इब्ने अब्बास (रदी अल्लाहू अन्हु) से रिवायत है की,❝रसूलल्लाह ने रोज़दारो को लगु और बेहूदा बातों से पाक करने के लिए और मिस्कीन…
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ihatecispeople · a year ago
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okay your cursed heat question gave me a genuine question: i assume that psychiatric medications count as vital medication, but does that count as having a chronic condition? and if i'm understanding correctly, does a chronic condition prevent you from needing to make up your fast later? i guess i (hypothetically, e.g.) could just take my meds at night since i take them with food anyway, but i couldn't miss even a day of meds to fast at any point in the year w/o side effects.
ok again: not an islamic scholar. these are just what ive gathered Being A Sunni Muslim within the ummah
alright, so yeah, if you have a chronic condition, lets say you’re old, you’re not obliged to supplicate any missed fast. it’s not like you’ll stop being old just because ramadan is over. though fasting is one of the five pillars of islam, each pillar can be broken if it causes harm to you or you’re unable to fulfil it. zakat, obligatory almsgiving, and hajj, pilgrimage to mekka, are both excused if you don’t have the funds to spare. or are not allowed into saudi arabia. or etc etc. these obligations is to make the individual a better person, not to punish someone already in a bad position
so when i have needed to take oral medicine in the past (once a day, in combination with food intake) during ramadan, i usually spent two weeks before ramadan to shift the time i take the medication at. i usually take any medication at night anyways since i only eat breakfast half of the time, so i would just have a snack after dinner as i took the medication in preparation for ramadan. you wouldnt then actually end up missing a dose, nor breaking your fast. it’s a “chronic” condition in as such that needing the medication obviously won’t go away anytime soon, but when it comes to relief from fasting without supplication we’re talking about a chronic condition which stands in the way of fasting, specifically.
regarding supplication: the only day where making up for lost fasting days is prohibited is eid al fitr, as it is the celebration of the end of the holy month. you could technically make up all days you missed right after that - commonly, we’re talking between 1 to 7 days for those that miss fasts without intention. or you could wait until you’re ready again. maybe you shift your medication pattern to night again for that, and you wouldn’t end up missing a dose!
however, if you end up in a bad state due to your medication in relation to fasting, you would be considered as having a chronic condition which exempts you from fasting - especially if a doctor also advices you not to fast. now you can’t just trust any old doctor since most western doctors that either aren’t muslim or at least exposed to many muslim patients will give the most bogus reasons for you not to fast. i was told i shouldn’t fast because i take testosterone. ummm?? do men with their own testosterone production not fast? i’ve ALSO been told not to fast because i’m fat (with no other health conditions). as if fatties in muslim countries don’t fast... so i’ve SOMETIMES told my physician im slowly delaying the time i take my daily dose and sometimes not, depending on how much i trust them and what i’ve gathered through hinting at being someone that does fast
so IF say you are a muslim, or want to fast together with an important muslim in your life, and you discussed with an imam if you should fast, i suspect the answer would be: change your medication time, try it out, and if you have bad reactions to the medication + no food/water combination, talk to your doctor and follow their advice on how to continue. (all this also goes the other way though -_- like there’s a lot of islamic pushback against considering eating disorders a condition which exempts you from fasting, because “true belief in Allah should alleviate the eating disorder during ramadan” which of course is insane and physicians are the first to tell you to not fast because it can be really bad for you)
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everydaydua · 3 months ago
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DAILY DUA
Dua and remembrance before sleeping #2
ٱللهُ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلْحَيُّ ٱلْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَّهُۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ مَن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُۥۤ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِۦ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِۦۤ إِلَّا بِمَا شَآءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ وَلَا يَئُودُهُۥ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ ٱلْعَلِيُّ ٱلْعَظِيمُ (٢٥٥)
Translation
Abu Huraira said, "The messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) put me in charge of the Zakat of Ramadan (i.e. Zakat-ul-Fitr). Someone came to me and started scooping some of the foodstuff of (Zakat) with both hands. I caught him and told him that I would take him to Allah's messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)." Then he (Abu Huraira) told the whole narration and added , He (i.e. the thief) said,, “When you are about to sleep recite ayat-al-kursee (The verse of the foot-stool, Surah Baqarah 2:255) till the end of the verse for there will remain over you a protection from Allah and no devil will draw near to you until the morning.”, the messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) (upon hearing this) said: "He (i.e. the theif) told the truth even though he is a habitual liar, he was a shaytan"
Allâh! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth.
Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission. He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills.
His Kursee extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
N.B. This verse is famously known as "Ayat Alkursee/Alkursi" or "the Verse of The Footstool"
Transliteration
allaahu laa ilaaha illaa huwal-ḥayyul-qayyoom, laa ta’khudhuhu sinatun wa laa nawm, lahu maa fis-samaawaٰti wa maa fil-arḍ, man dhal-ladhee yashfa‛u ‛indahu illaa bi’idhnih, ya‛lamu maa bayna aydeehim wa maa khalfahum, wa laa yuḥeeṭoona bishay’in min ‛ilmihi illaa bi maa shaa’
wasi‛a kursiyyuh-us-samaawaٰti wal-arḍ, wa laa ya’ooduhu ḥifẓuhumaa wahuwal-‛aliyyul-‛aẓeem
Sources: Bukhari No# 2311, 3275, 5010; At-Tirmidhi No# 2880
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aysufs · 5 months ago
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Paying Zakat-ul-Fitr on behalf of both one's married son and the latter's household
The first question of Fatwa no. 19226
Q 1: I am a married person and have children. I live with my father in his home;
is it permissible for my father to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on behalf of me and my children?
A: If your father pays Zakat-ul-Fitr on behalf of you, your children and wife, there is nothing wrong with this and it will suffice you for the obligation of paying Zakat-ul-Fitr.
However, if you pay it from your money on behalf of yourself and your dependents, this is better because it is you who should do so.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
Chairman: ‘Abdul-‘Aziz ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Baaz
Deputy Chairman: 'Abdul-Aziz Al Al-Shaykh
Member: Saleh al-Fawzan
[The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta': Group 1: Vol. : 26 : pg. 276]
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puticantika · 11 months ago
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Zakat Fitrah dan Zakat Mal
Zakat Fitrah (zakat al-fitr) adalah zakat yang diwajibkan atas setiap jiwa baik lelaki dan perempuan muslim yang dilakukan pada bulan Ramadhan. Zakat fitrah adalah zakat yang diwajibkan atas setiap jiwa baik lelaki dan perempuan muslim yang dilakukan pada bulan Ramadan hingga menjelang salat Idul Fitri.
Syarat wajib zakat fitrah
Beragama islam dan merdeka.
Menemui dua waktu yaitu diantara bulan Ramadhan dan Syawal walaupun hanya sesaat.
Mempunyai harta yang lebih dari pada kebutuhannya sehari-hari untuk dirinya dan orang-orang di bawah tanggungan pada hari raya dan malamnya.
Zakat mal diambil dari kata mal yang artinya harta. Sedangkan menurut istilah, zakat mal adalah zakat kadar harta tertentu yang wajib dikeluarkan kepada orang yang membutuhkan atau yang berhak menerimanya dengan beberapa syarat tertentu sesuai dengan syariat islam.
Jenis harta yang di keluarkan untuk zakat
Emas dan perak
Peternakan
Pertanian
Tabungan
Maskawin
Hasil profesi
Investasi
Harta perniagaan
Orang yang berhak menerima zakat
Orang miskin
Orang Fakir
Ibnu sabil
Orang yang Jihad fiisabilillah
Muallaf
Pengurus zakat
Gharim
Budak
Manfaat Zakat antara lain :
Membersihkan harta dan jiwa. Pada harta yang kita miliki, sejatinya terdapat hak-hak orang lain di dalamnya.
Sebagai sarana pengendalian diri. Zakat akan membantu kita untuk mengekang keinginan dan kecintaan pada harta.
Mengelola uang.
Mengurangi pajak penghasilan.
Sarana pemerataan untuk mencapai keadilan sosial.
Allah SWT berfirman dalam Q.S At-Taubah ayat 103 sebagai berikut:
خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَٰلِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ إِنَّ صَلَوٰتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Artinya: "Ambillah zakat dari sebagian harta mereka, dengan zakat itu kamu membersihkan dan mensucikan mereka dan mendoalah untuk mereka. Sesungguhnya doa kamu itu (menjadi) ketenteraman jiwa bagi mereka. Dan Allah Maha Mendengar lagi Maha Mengetahui."
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