2023 Witch's Calendar
For all my witches out there, here's a handy list of the 2023 dates for the major holidays, full and new moons, and special events. I've listed my sources at the bottom. Dates and times for all events are calculated for Eastern Standard Time, USA, Northern Hemisphere. Adjust for your location as needed. Enjoy!
WOTY Holidays and Solstices
February 1-2 - Imbolc
March 20 - Spring Equinox / Ostara
May 1 - Beltane
June 21 - Summer Solstice / Midsummer
August 1 - Lughnasadh
September 23- Autumn Equinox / Mabon
October 31 - Samhain
December 21 - Winter Solstice / Yule
January 6 - Wolf Moon ♑
February 5 - Snow Moon ♒
March 7 - Worm Moon ♓
April 6 - Pink Moon ♈
May 5 - Flower Moon ♉
June 14 - Strawberry Moon ♊
July 3 - Thunder Moon (aka Buck Moon) ♋
August 1 - Sturgeon Moon ♌
August 31 - Blue Moon ♍
September 29- Harvest Moon ♎
October 28 - Hunter's Moon (aka Blood Moon) ♏
November 27 - Frost Moon ♐
December 26 - Cold Moon ♑
Fun Fact: The title of Harvest Moon is given to either the September or October full moon, whichever falls closest to the autumn equinox. In 2023, as in 2022, that month will be September.
January 21 ♒
February 20 ♓
March 21 ♈
April 20 ♈
May 19 ♉
June 18 ♊
July 17 ♋
August 16 ♌
September 14 ♍
October 14 ♎
November 13 ♏
December 12 ♐
May 5 - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
August 30 - Blue Moon
September 29 - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
Mercury Retrogrades (in case you need them)
Dec 29, 2022 - Jan 18, 2023
April 21 - May 14
August 23 - September 15
Dec 13, 2023 - January 1, 2024
Moon Info - Full Moon 2023
Calendar-12.com - Moon Phases 2023
Full Moonology - Full Moon Calendar 2023
Yearly Horoscope - Mercury Retrograde 2023 Dates and Times
Your Zodiac Sign - 2023 Astrology Calendar
The Pagan Grimoire - The Wheel of the Year: The 8 Festivals in the Wiccan Calendar
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Full Moons of 2023
There will be 13 Full Moons in the year of 2023, two of which being in August. Each Full Moon has been given a name based on the month over the course of hundreds of years.
The Wolf Moon: January 6th.
The Snow Moon: February 5th.
The Worm Moon: March 7th.
The Pink Moon: April 6th.
The Flower Moon: May 5th.
The Strawberry Moon: June 3rd.
The Buck Moon: July 3rd.
The Sturgeon Moon: August 1rst.
The Blue Sturgeon Moon: August 30th.
The Harvest Moon: September 29th.
The Hunter Moon: October 28th.
The Beaver Moon: November 27th.
The Cold Moon: December 26th.
Sometimes life just isn't it, and we get a little impatient with ourselves. We start to spiral when we can't do the things we should be doing, and it just ends up making us feel bad. Sometimes we need a little help being patient with ourselves, and that's okay. So, here is my simple recipe for an herbal oil I like to add to self-care and patience spell jars. I hope it does you well.
What you'll need:
A jar with a lid
Another jar or some dropper bottles
Fine mesh sieve
1/2 cup of olive oil (promoting peace)
3 drops Ylang Ylang essential oil
1 tablespoon dried parsley (well-being)
A small handful of dried gardenia petals (repelling strife, promoting peace)
A small handful of dried hyacinth flowers (peace of mind)
A spoonful of dried lavender (peacefulness, patience, healing)
What you'll do:
Add oil, parsley, and flowers into a blender and blend for several seconds. The more you blend, the fast it'll incorporate. Feel free to pause your blending for a few moments and then continue.
Pour the mixture into your jar with a lid and leave out on your counter (or in a cupboard) for about a week, shaking or swirling it often.
Strain your mixture through a fine mesh sieve into your funnel, filling either a jar or your dropper bottles.
And you're done! Use this in spell jars, add a few drops to a bath, or even add to an oil warmer to infuse your room with its goodness. Just remember that even with magical help, improvement comes from the self. This won't solve your problem; it's merely a helping hand.
As always, do your research, be safe, and blessed be!
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📚How to Read an Academic Paper📚
"The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go." —Dr. Seuss *̥˚✧
Reading an academic paper can be as much of a challenge as finding the source in the first place, if not more so. Knowing how to approach the process can help take you from struggling through it, to learning what you need to know in the least terrible way possible.
Structure of a Paper
Academic papers tend to follow a similar format. APA is as follows:
The name of the paper, authors, dates, etc.
A short summary of the paper.
Introducing the paper. Sometimes this is written before the experiment starts. You often find the hypothesis here for an experiment. Sometimes it’s written after, but they’ll usually write it as if it was written before.
Methods and Materials
How they did it and what they used.
Results of the Study
What they found and how they analyzed it.
What they concluded from the results and why, often with sources from other similar papers.
What this means and what they concluded.
(No Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion [IMRaD] you are most certainly not RAD. >:( )
How to Read Papers by Type
Different papers from different fields can present unique challenges to reading and understanding.
Start with the abstract. Once you’re done reading the abstract mosey on down to the conclusion! Ignore the middle bits! Most of the time the middle bits are there to tell other researchers “I gotta make sure this is up to the standard of academic research!” Once you’ve read it once you can go back to the Method and judge how they performed it. However, at first this is a lot so go read the conclusion! It should be short, sweet, and tell you what they have spent the last so-and-so pages arguing. This will make it easier to understand.
It may seem counterintuitive to go in this order because we are taught to read books top-to-bottom left-to-right, but academia is full of clowns who speak in code.
Humanities papers are the most likely to dunk the format of a research paper. They are also usually based on the researcher’s interpretation of a primary source.
Because humanities papers are often based on the researchers' (albeit very educated) opinion it lends itself to a critical analysis of everything from translation to cultural or social bias from the researcher much more easily. (What primary sources did they base their conclusions on? Would you have done the same? What have other researchers said? In the cultural context of the time, does this translation make sense?) However, this tends to come after you’ve successfully understood what the researcher is trying to say.
A primary source is first-hand knowledge of something. These can include a writing from a time period by someone who was there, a record made at the time, a photograph, or even an artifact.
A secondary source is second-hand knowledge. These are the papers written on the subject, textbooks, and accounts written by the people who were not around when it happened. They are not inherently worse than secondary sources, and are very important for spreading knowledge, but research based on secondary sources tends to be a compilation of a lot of research rather than direct investigations. [See: Historiographies. Synthesized studies. Meta Analysis.]
The abstract is your best best friend!!! They are not hiding the ball, it’s in the abstract. Then once again take yourself on a trip to the conclusion. Scientific papers almost never deviate from this format. Read it once, twice, and thrice again until you understand what the abstract is saying. This will help you understand the whole paper better.
Additional Complications for Scientific Papers
Experimental design can be, and has been, the subject of many an entire college semester for many people. Don’t expect to understand it outright if you’re new! For the results of most studies, the relevant concept is going to be "statistical significance". This is the probability that the results were found by chance. It is generally decided ahead of time based on what is being measured and notated similarly to p<.05. This means that the statistical probability of getting those results by pure coincidence is small enough to be significant.
Often in the discussion section you’ll see the author talk about their sample size, their potential biases, and the limitations of their experimental design (if they don’t the other academics will laugh at them). While you can look at this yourself and decide, this often gives a good idea of where there could be room for error.
Qualitative vs Quantitative
Qualitative data is the how, what, and why of research. Quantitative is the numerical measurements. [Think “quality vs quantity”.] There are different statistical terms and analyses for these different types of measurements, but that could be a whole course, let alone document, in and of itself. They use big words like they’re being sponsored by WebMD and Webster both.
Think of it like this: if you do an experiment and adding something to someone’s drink causes it to taste sweeter, that’s a qualitative measurement. If you’re adding something to someone’s drink and it raises their blood pressure from 100 to 120, that’s a quantitative measurement. Differentiating between them can be tricky, but a good tip to keep in mind is if it’s studies with people is that qualitative research is usually done with small groups of people - often 100 people or less, while quantitative research will often be upwards of the hundreds. This is because with quantitative research you often need large sample sizes for the data to be meaningful.
There are many types of qualitative research, including interviews, ethnographies, oral history, case studies, focus groups, record keeping, different kinds of observations, etc, while on the quantitative research side of things, we have our surveys, descriptive research, experimental research, correlational research, comparative-causal research, and more.
Causing you Problems
Those are the general rules and advice, now let's talk about how they are broken.
The structure of an academic paper differs by style. APA sticks to this format very strictly. However, Chicago (my mortal enemy) is going to have footnotes to contend with, but could still have an abstract and a conclusion. If it has neither of those, lament them, shame them, and curse the author to the pit before skirt skirting your way to the first paragraph (approximately the abstract or introduction), and the last two or three paragraphs (approximately the conclusion). They tend to have generally the same information as would be found in a labeled heading.
The code clowns not only said “make it complicated”, they made it complicated across several different paper writing formats. If by some unholy tragedy you find a writing in MLA? Bite the author with your real teeth, and hope your highschool prepared you for this. At the very least MLA tends to be easier to read by starting at the beginning.
Academic papers are often incredibly dense! Academia knows this! Please don’t be afraid to look up words you don’t necessarily understand! It’s not shameful! Shame them for using big words, like the pompous elites they are, and pull out a dictionary. Understanding is important! If all else fails, no one needs to know you looked up a word, you can just do a quick Google search and look like a pro. I do it all the time.
Plus there are often tons of educational materials for learning academic jargon because no one is born educated. They had to learn it, they are just expecting their audience to be someone who has already gotten a degree on the subject. It’s dense and boring, “no one else is reading this shit, surely,” they think while dunking a donut in a cup of hot Red Bull.