Imagine chilling in Australia, watching some moths, and some hot moth babes fly into your area and one of the moths you're watching sprouts tentacles.
The anatomy of these oddly affrighting Insects!!!
You see those tentacles? those are actually their coremata (also called hair-pencils), which on most male lepidoptera are straight, stick-like appendages of which they only have one of. Except for these guys for some reason. They're special and have four wriggly corematas (or whatever the plural is). The coremata is used to secrete pheromones, pyrrolizidine alkaloid, specifically, in order to attract a mate.
Do the hairs on their tentacles count as pubic hair???
They have a wingspan of 4 cm (1.5 inches).
While their abdomen is usually red, they may occasionally have a yellow abdomen.
Their larvae are brown and very hairy, with a yellow stripe along their back.
Like every other part of their body in both larval and adult stages, their cocoons are very hairy.
The females abdomen isn't as large or inflated as the males.
The larvae eat groundnuts, rice, finger millets, sorghum, pearl millets, coffee, sweet potatoes, pomegranates, and alfalfa. These are all plants that have pyrrolizidine alkaloid in them. This is how they're able to release their pheromones. Meaning that if they don't eat enough as a larva, their coremata won't even grow to a size large enough to secrete pheromones.
While the adults don't eat very often, they do occasionally drink the sap from their host plants. Especially if they didn't eat enough as a larvae.
The pheromone that the males produce can only attract female moths, whereas male moths find it repulsive and will try to fly away from it.
If a female is attracted by the males pheromones, they will wiggle their abdomen at them, signaling that they want to mate.
When they eat enough of a host plant, but not enough to kill it, the plant will release a poisonous amount of pyrrolizidine alkaloid, which tends to kill any farm animals that eat these plants.
Unsurprisingly, they are found in Australia. And Southeastern Asia, which also has some bizarre insects in it, but doesn't quite have the same reputation as Australia. They can also be found in Japan, China, and Papua new guinea.
The larvae are born on and live on their host plants.
The adults tend to hang around their host plants in case they ever need any food.
Cool fact that didn't fit here.
While trying to study their coremata due to it's abnormal shape, scientists realized the difficulty in trying to study coremata, and invented a machine to inflate the coremata on dead specimens. and they called it the Phalloblaster 😭😭.
So I was thinking about Area Zero and Sada, and I really started to notice the sheer number of moth pokémon everywhere there. Hundreds of venomoth and paradox volcarona. Something about that stuck with me and I decided to google the metaphorical meaning of moths in media:
"Moths are commonly associated with a few central themes: change, transformation, endings, death, and even the mystery of the night."
There is no way it's a coincidence that there's so many venomoth and stuff in Area Zero. They represent the death of Sada, the change of time maybe, the transformation of the past to the future, etc.
I'm thinking about this nonstop, how overwhelming the number of venomoths were when I played. They are literally suffocating the lower depths of Area Zero, full of despair and death and anguish.
time lapse of a banded sphinx moth caterpillar (Eumorpha fasciatus) devouring a water primrose leaf
E. fasciatus caterpillars are heavily polymorphic and come in several different color morphs- those stripy rainbow ones are from the same population as the green one.
another neat thing about these guys is that most caterpillars drown easily, but since water primrose (Ludwigia) usually grows in standing water, E. fasciatus caterpillars have a propensity for swimming and are often seen wriggling their way through lakes when they need to come ashore to pupate.