tylermileslockett · 2 days
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The Greek underworld, or House of Hades, is generally described in Homer’s Iliad as a gloomy place of “the mists and the darkness” (Lattimore) where the spirits heroes and villains alike come to rest. Hermes as Psychopomp (Spirit guide), would lead the new spirits down into the land of the dead. Souls would first drink at the River Acheron (river of sorrow) or sometimes mentioned as the River Styx (to specifically forget their past pains), then they would be ferried across by the boatman Charon for a coin placed within their mouths or upon their eyes. Souls would drink from the River Lethe (river of forgetfulness) to forget all memories of their previous lives, then pass through the gates guarded by Cerberus, the hound of Hades before being presented before Hades, and his wife Persephone. The other two rivers of the underworld are the River Plegethon (river of fire) and the River Cocytus (river of wailing) both associated with punishment.
The Souls would then be judged by three demi gods: Minos (son of Zeus and Europa), Rhadamanthus, (son of Zeus and Europa), and Aeacus, (son of Zeus and Aegina.) and would choose a final place for each soul amongst the following locations:
The Asphodal meadows, (asphodal is a white lily associated with death), is where ordinary souls were forgotten, wandering in monotony amongst misty darkness. The Elysian fields, also known as Elysium, is described as a paradise where the honored heroes go to live in white houses amongst fields of gold, ripe fruit, and temperate weather. Tartarus is a realm residing a vast distance below Hades, and is a place of cruel, eternal punishment that, according to Hesiod, even Zeus feared. Here the defeated Titans were held, imprisoned in chains, as well as mortals who committed crimes against the gods, like Sisyphus, Tantalus, and Ixion. In addition, the Erinyes, (or Furies), the three goddess of blood retribution and punishers of criminals, as well as the Keres, (battle maiden death spirits), were said to inhabit this dreaded realm.
Did i leave out interesting bits about the Greek Underworld? please comment below. xoxo
Thanks for looking and reading! To see more of my greek myth illustrations: https://linktr.ee/tylermileslockett
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lionofchaeronea · 2 days
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Achilles pursues Troilus and Polyxena. Exterior of an Attic black-figure kylix (drinking cup) in the shape of a Siana cup, attributed to the C* Painter; ca. 575 BCE. Now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
*Short for "Corinthianizing," due to the influence of Corinthian art on his style.
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sapphosgh0st · 2 days
hey (with the intention of finding some wet cement and writing our names in a heart)
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quantumshade · 2 days
ancient roman seinfeld
jerry: so why did they try to kill you?
george: well you see jerry, flavius flaccus told me the senate was trying to kill me and i panicked
jerry: you panicked.
george: yes! i panicked, and i motioned to my followers like [makes hand gesture that looks very much like a crown]
jerry: well what did you do that for??
george: what do you mean? i was asking for help!
jerry: george. it looks like you asked the senate for a crown.
george: what? no way, that's not what i--
kramer: [bursts in covered in blood and holding a dead chicken] you guys would not BELIEVE what the augur said about me today
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artschoolglasses · 3 days
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Currently Reading: Sappho, Stung with Love: Poems and Fragments
Technically a re-read, yes, but I'm also waiting for book mail to arrive as I'd timed my reading of the Poetic Edda to be done once my order got here. And thanks to the snow, it was delayed by about half a week. So... some Sappho in the mean time, I guess?
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adhd-academia · 2 days
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spring semester mood board
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bambydiaries · 1 day
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If we were Villans. M. L Rio.
The Secret History. Donna Tartt. (English and Spanish)
The Portrait of Dorian Gray. Oscar Wilde. (Spanish -sin censura- and English -uncensored-)
Crime and Punishment. Dostoyevski. (English and Spanish
(Not much of an Academia Book but SUPER recomended) The Invisible Life of Addie LaRue. (English and Spanish)
Brothers Karamazov. Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
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This bookshelf will be expanded over time. Send a DM in case of wanting the pdf, because I can not embed the link.
(Here I Put my Academia Playlist) (ad moment)
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elysianmuses · 1 month
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The love language of annotating a book
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lipsticklesbia · 5 months
i will never stop thinking about this poem my greek professor showed us
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vetyr · 3 months
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Full commissioned illustration for Classics But Make It Gay II, a queer anthology of recreated historical artworks.
Email [email protected]l.com for commission requests!
Prints here. 35% off sale this week ;)
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lionofchaeronea · 10 hours
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Marble portrait of Plato. Roman copy (2nd cent. CE) after a 4th cent. BCE Greek original, perhaps by the sculptor Silanion. Now in the Louvre.
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benvoolioo · 2 months
hey girl, um, we were having a bacchanal and we kinda tore your boyfriend to shreds. yeah, ripped his head clean off. sorry about that :/
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tumblr holidays:
the met gala
halloween (the month)
the ides of march
nov 5 (new!)
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goldentangerines · 1 year
every now and then i have to think of the roman family from two thousand years ago that buried their little daughter in a boy's athletic-themed sarcophagus and i weep a little because that's the softest declaration of love i can possibly imagine
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metamorphesque · 5 months
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― Sylvia Plath, The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath
[text ID: And when at last you find someone to whom you feel you can pour out your soul, you stop in shock at the words you utter— they are so rusty, so ugly, so meaningless and feeble from being kept in the small cramped dark inside you so long.]
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prokopetz · 2 months
Don’t let anybody tell you that quibbling about canon is an artefact of the modern culture of authorship. We have surviving letters from Ancient Greek poets yelling at each other about whether including this or that legendary hero among the crew of the Argo would cause mythological continuity problems. You are participating in a proud and storied tradition.
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